Chapter 21

Iran (Tienchu)

January 18, 2022

Iran (Tienchu) is under Iraq. All its rulers are selected by Iraqis.

The people plait their hair and let it hang down. But the temples and the crown of the head are covered with a silken turban.

In their dwellings they use plaster instead of tiles. They have walled cities.

The king wears brocaded silk. His hair is wound into a spiral knot on the crown of his head. The rest of the hair is cut short.

When holding his court in the morning, he sits on a on a tong skin, ornamented with representations of various objects painted in red wax.

His courtiers make obeisance to him and pray for his life.

He rides on horseback. His saddle and bridle are thickly set with dark gold and silver. 300 of his followers are armed with spears and swords.

His consort wears a gold embroidered scarlet dress with large sleeves. Once a year she shows herself pubhc, and gives a considerable bounty to the poor.

They have holy water which can stll the wind and waves. The foreign traders fill opaque glass bottles with it. When they get to rough sea, they still it by sprinkling this water on it.

In 500-515, They sent envoys to to give swift horses.

They produce:

  • iron
  • fatong
  • rhinoceros
  • elephants
  • tortoise-shell
  • gold
  • lead
  • tin
  • copper

There a reddish colour; when split it is as is (^ which looks like fluor-spar There 20 fire

  • sandal-wood
  • aromatic woods
  • sugarcane, sugar
  • many fruits

an hundred times. and all

They use cowries a stone hke talc

thin as a cicada’s wing; gether the pieces look like silken gauze. There exposed to the dyn- T’i6n-chu sent envoys with a present of swift lead and tin, gold embroidered rugs

It is said that their country produces (|ij) hons, sables, camels leopards, It is the diamond copper,

jpo-tie -^), but of when put

to but which will not melt, though can cut jade-stono’. and other aromatic woods, sugar-cane,- sugar (:^ kinds of fruits. They trade yearly with Ta-ts’in and Fu-nan use cowries as a

medium of exchange. They are clever jugglers.

They have bows and arrows, armour,

opaque glass bottles with fill they suddenly get in a rough sea they

They are spears, flying-ladders

contrivances called the «wooden-oxen»

and the «gliding-horses» (;^ M); yet they are cowards in battle. They or astrologers). are good astronomers and calculators of the calendar [Note= A gap of #) They all study the Sitauchangshu and use the leaves of the peito.

In 627-650 and 690-692, it sent tribute to China.

In 984-988, a priest named Pohua arrived in Canton by sea.

The foreign traders saw him as a priest and gifted him gold, silks, jewels, and precious stones.

and fien-shou envoys with tribute the yung-Jd period (of the Sung, A. D. hu-na 627—650)


He bought a But he had no use for them.

He bought a piece of ground and built an Islamic shrine of the present day of Canton; it is the Paulinyuan


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